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Special Programme
MODERN WARFARE IN FILMS



War themes have been popular among filmmakers practically ever since the medium was invented. The first war film was made in 1898 about the Spanish-American War. On one hand, filmmakers relished the technical challenges of filming mass scenes and impressing their audiences; on the other hand, government was interested in such films for political purposes - on celluloid, death could be made to look beautiful, dignified.

This programme consists of films that try show war as it really is - pointlessness, overwhelming. Not only do they depict combat, but also life in the rear areas - ostensibly away from the war but nevertheless in the thick of things. There are no patriotic propaganda films here. On the other hand, many of the works are rightful film classics. A number of them provoked scandal when they were first screened, while others became instantly popular.

The first film in the programme dates from 1915, and the last one is from 2005. Even though filmic treatments of battles fought in ancient times or the Middle Ages do exist, this programme is devoted to modern warfare, which generally is considered by historians to have started around the time of the American Civil War in the mid-19th century. It also features films from the British wars in colonial Africa and the First and Second World War. We have tried to include films from the countries that suffered the most in the latter conflict: Finland, Poland, Germany, Russia and England. Unfortunately, we were not able to obtain Japan’s most popular film of recent times, “Yamato”, which concerns the suicide mission of the cruiser of the same name in the final battles of World War II.

Films about the Korean and Vietnam wars close the programme. Although this programme does not cover the wars of the late 20th century and early 21st century (these could be a category in itself) the military conflicts of the last decades in the Balkans and the Middle East serve as the background for a number of films in the BNFF programme.

I hope that the war films presented on these black nights will help us better understand the world and humankind in all of its diversity, beauty and horrors. Perhaps it will help us better appreciate the classic flower-child-era tenet of making love, not war.

Mart Laar, Programme co-ordinator

THE BIRTH OF A NATION
ZULU

PATHS OF GLORY
THE LIFE AND DEATH OF COLONEL BLIMP
 
THE CRANES ARE FLYING / LETJAT ŽURAVLI 
THE BOAT / DAS BOOT 
THE WINTER WAR / TALVISOTA 
KEEP AWAY FROM THE WINDOW / DALEKO OD OKNA
POLUMGLA
PORK CHOP HILL
THE DEER HUNTER











prg. mart kalmo | Netv Lemnu